Fruit Trees

Below are a list of general varieties for each type of fruit that grows well here in the High Desert. Rootstock descriptions are available as well, as knowing the rootstock is vital in knowing how to care for your fruit trees. A few fruit varieties are not yet added and will be as time goes on. 

Common Varieties:  Anna, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, and Pink Lady

Diseases and Pests:  Fireblight, Aphids, and Powdery Mildew are the main issues we typically have in the High Desert. 

Self Pollinating Varieties:  Anna, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Pink Lady, 

Varieties that Need Pollinators:  

    • Anna:  Dorsett Golden, Fuji, Gordon
    • Fuji:  Gala, Golden Dorsett, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Honeygold, Pink Lady, Yellow Delicious
    • Gala:  Fuji, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Red Delicious
    • Golden Delicious:  Fuji, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Red Delicious
    • Granny Smith:  Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, McIntosh, Pink Lady, Red Delicious
    • Honeycrisp:  Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Pink Lady, Red Delicious
    • Pink Lady:  Fuji, Honeycrisp, McIntosh, Red Delicious

Comments:  The self pollinating varieties only need one tree to produce fruit. All varieties of apple prefer to have another tree to cross pollinate with. They are almost all self pollinating, but they bear heavier crops if they have a cross pollinator. 

Common Varieties:  Babcock, Donut, Elberta, July Elberta, and O’Henry

Diseases and Pests:  Peach leaf curl, Brown Rot, and Peach tree borers. 

Self Pollinating Varieties:  All of these varieties of peach are self pollinating and do not need additional trees to produce a heavy crop. 

Comments:  Self pollinating varieties only need one tree to produce fruit. 

Common Varieties:  Blenheim, Harcot, Harglow, Katy, Montrose, Moorpark, Royal, Tilton, 

Diseases and Pests:  Bacterial Canker, Brown Rot, and Borer Beetles are the more common High Desert problems.

Self Pollinating Varieties:  All of the varieties listed are self pollinating

Comments:  Apricots grow wonderfully in the High Desert.

Sweet Cherry Varieties:  Bing, Black Tartarian, Lapins, Minnie Royal, Rainer, Royal Lee, Stella

Sour Cherry Varieties:  Early Richmond, Montmorency, North Star

Diseases and Pests:  Fireblight, Aphids, and Powdery Mildew are the main issues we typically have in the High Desert. 

Self Pollinating Varieties:  Stella, Lapins, Early Richmond, Montmorency, North Star

Varieties that Need Pollinators:  

    • Bing:  Black Tartarian, Brooks, Montmorency, North Star, Rainer, Stella, Tulare, Van
    • Black Tartarian:  Bing, Brooks, Montmorency, North Star, Stella, Tulare, Van
    • Minnie Royal:  Royal Lee
    • Rainer:  Bing, Black Tartarian, Montmorency, North Star, Stella, Tulare, Van
    • Royal Lee:  Minnie Royal

Comments:  The self pollinating varieties only need one tree to produce fruit.

Common Varieties:  Burgundy, Satsuma, Santa Rosa, Elephant Heart

Diseases and Pests:  Bacterial Canker, Brown Rot, and Borer Beetles are the more common High Desert problems. 

Self Pollinating Varieties:  Burgundy, Santa Rosa

Varieties that Need Pollinators:  

    • Satsuma:  Beauty, Santa Rosa, Wickson
    • Elephant Heart:  Santa Rosa

Comments:  The self pollinating varieties only need one tree to produce fruit.

Rootstocks

Nemaguard

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Excellent rootstock for well draining (sandy) soils. In slow draining soils plant on a mound or berm.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes 

Marianna 26-24

  • Standard – Height of 15-20′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils and has a shallow root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to root-knot nematodes and oak-root fungus. 

Lovell

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils, but is susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils.
  • Pests and Diseases – Susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils

Domestic Apple Seedling

  • Standard – Height of 18-30′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet, dry, and poor soils. Deeply rooted
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to woolly apple aphids and collar rot. 

M-111

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet, dry, and poor soils
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to woolly apple aphids and collar rot. 

M-7

  • Semi-Dwarf – Height of 12-20′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Prone to lean in shallow or rocky soils. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to fire blight, powdery mildew, and collar rot.

M-27

  • Dwarf – Height of 6-8′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Not tolerant of drought, needs constant moisture. Needs staking due to small, shallow root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance and susceptibility to pest and diseases are not well known. 

Citation

  • Semi-dwarf – Peach and Nectarine can reach a height of up to 8-14′ and Apricot and Plum to 12-18′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soil, but not tolerant of drought. Drought will cause early dormancy which can lead to a tree’s slow decline
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes

Nemaguard

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Excellent rootstock for well draining (sandy) soils. In slow draining soils plant on a mound or berm.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes 

Myro 29C

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils and has a shallow, but vigorous root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Immune to root-knot nematodes and resistant to oak-root fungus. 

Marianna 26-24

  • Standard – Height of 15-20′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils and has a shallow root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to root-knot nematodes and oak-root fungus. 

Mazzard

  • Standard – Height of 30-40′ (likely up to 25′ in the high desert) if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils but still requires good drainage.  and has a shallow, but vigorous root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to root-knot nematodes and oak-root fungus. 

Mahaleb

  • Semi-Standard – Height of 25-35′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Not tolerant of wet soils. Very cold hardy.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to crown gall, bacterial canker, and some nematodes.  

Citation

  • Semi-dwarf – Peach and Nectarine can reach a height of up to 8-14′ and Apricot and Plum to 12-18′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soil, but not tolerant of drought. Drought will cause early dormancy which can lead to a tree’s slow decline
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes

Nemaguard

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Excellent rootstock for well draining (sandy) soils. In slow draining soils plant on a mound or berm.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes 

Lovell

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils, but is susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils.
  • Pests and Diseases – Susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils

Citation

  • Semi-dwarf – Peach and Nectarine can reach a height of up to 8-14′ and Apricot and Plum to 12-18′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soil, but not tolerant of drought. Drought will cause early dormancy which can lead to a tree’s slow decline
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes

Nemaguard

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Excellent rootstock for well draining (sandy) soils. In slow draining soils plant on a mound or berm.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes 

Lovell

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils, but is susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils.
  • Pests and Diseases – Susceptible to root-knot nematodes in sandy soils

OHxF333

  • Standard – Height of 12-18′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Widely adapted to varying soils. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Disease resistant

Calleryana

  • Standard – Height of 15-20′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Sandy or heavy soils
  • Pests and Diseases – Great rootstocks for warm winter and hot summers. 

Standard Pear 

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Moderately tolerant of wet soils.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistance to oak-root fungus and pear decline. 

Citation

  • Semi-dwarf – Peach and Nectarine can reach a height of up to 8-14′ and Apricot and Plum to 12-18′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soil, but not tolerant of drought. Drought will cause early dormancy which can lead to a tree’s slow decline
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes

Nemaguard

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Excellent rootstock for well draining (sandy) soils. In slow draining soils plant on a mound or berm.
  • Pests and Diseases – Resistant to root-knot nematodes 

Myro 29C

  • Standard – Height of 15-25′ if unpruned
  • Soil Tolerance – Tolerant of wet soils and has a shallow, but vigorous root system. 
  • Pests and Diseases – Immune to root-knot nematodes and resistant to oak-root fungus.